Accession Number : ADA259851


Title :   Investigating the Effects of JP-8 Use in Heating Plant Boilers


Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jun 1990-Jul 1991


Corporate Author : AIR FORCE ENGINEERING AND SERVICES CENTER TYNDALL AFB FL ENGINEERING AND SERVICES LAB


Personal Author(s) : Tichenor, LeAnn B ; Shaaban, Aly H ; Mayfield, Howard T


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a259851.pdf


Report Date : Dec 1991


Pagination or Media Count : 158


Abstract : The object of this project was to investigate the operational and environmental effects associated with burning aviation fuel JP-8 in traditional heating plant boilers. JP-8 was compared to 2 fuel oil and diesel fuel in small- scale testing at tyndall AFB FL and diesel fuel in full-scale testing at McClellan AFB CA. System performance was evaluated with respect to the boilers' thermal efficiencies, fuel pump and burner pump performance, and environmentally significant combustion products. The operational performance of JP-8, in comparison with DF-2 and fuel oil, was satisfactory, with fuel to steam conversion ranging from 7 percent less with JP-8 to performance that exceeded that of 2 fuel oil and DF-2. The calculated theoretical drop in heat output when switching from DF-2 or 2 fuel oil to JP-8 is approximately 10 percent, based on the energy value of the fuels. Stack emissions showed a significant drop in SOx with JP-8, and lower values of NOx and particulate. There was negligible difference between the organic measurements among the full-scale test conditions. The research conducted in support of this effort was designed to provide guidance to the base civil engineer and the boiler operator to allow safe, efficient, and environmentally clean operation of existing systems with JP-8.


Descriptors :   *AVIATION FUELS , *HEATING PLANTS , *BOILERS , TEST AND EVALUATION , CONVERSION , EMISSION , MEASUREMENT , COMPARISON , ENERGY , EFFICIENCY , COMBUSTION , HEATING , OPERATION , PARTICULATES , ENGINEERS , FUEL PUMPS , PUMPS , SWITCHING , DIESEL FUELS , BURNERS , FUEL OIL , COMBUSTION PRODUCTS


Subject Categories : Air Condition, Heating, Lighting & Ventilating
      Fuels


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE