Accession Number : ADA259006


Title :   The Effectiveness of a Nurse-Managed Smoking Cessation Intervention in Hospitalized General Surgical Patients


Descriptive Note : Master thesis


Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH


Personal Author(s) : Desimore, Virginia B


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a259006.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1992


Pagination or Media Count : 51


Abstract : The purpose of this pilot study was to determine the effectiveness of a nurse-managed smoking cessation intervention during hospitalization on short- term smoking abstinence. Hospitalized smokers (n=28) undergoing general surgery were randomly assigned to either an experimental or control group. Experimental group subjects received a structured smoking cessation intervention during hospitalization. After discharge, the experimental subjects were contacted by phone, once per week for five weeks. Control group subjects only received usual care as provided by the hospital staff. A self-report of smoking status and a saliva sample for cotinine analysis were obtained at subjects, first post- discharge clinic visit. Subjects having a saliva cotinine-level of 10 ng/ml were classified as abstinent. The intervention did not significantly decrease smoking cessation rates of the experimental subjects; only 8% of the experimental subjects and 13% of the control subjects quit smoking.


Descriptors :   *STOPPING , *PUBLIC HEALTH , *INTERVENTION , *TOBACCO SMOKING , *NURSES , RATES , PILOT STUDIES , SALIVA , SURGERY , HOSPITALIZATIONS , HOSPITALS , THESES


Subject Categories : Psychology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE