Accession Number : ADA258793


Title :   Effects of Surface Structure and of Embedded-Atom Pair Functionals on Adatom Diffusion on FCC Metallic Surfaces


Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jul 1988-Jan 1992


Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD


Personal Author(s) : Rice, Betsy M ; Murthy, Cheruvu S ; Garrett, Bruce C


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a258793.pdf


Report Date : Nov 1992


Pagination or Media Count : 46


Abstract : Rates of self-diffusion on the (100) and (110) surfaces of nickel have been calculated using variational transition state theory (VTST) and four different interatomic potential energy functions based on the embedded-atom method (EAM). Static properties of a single nickel atom on the (111) surface, as well as on the (100) and (110) surfaces, are also presented. The embedded-atom par functionals consist of effective pairwise additive and many-body cohesive interactions parameterized to the bulk and a few defect properties of nickel. VTST calculations of surface diffusion provide parameters and diffusion coefficients for comparison with experiment and among the four EAM potentials employed. analysis of the estimated diffusion rates based on hopping mechanism and the four pair functionals reveals that diffusion will occur more readily on (111) surface and that self-diffusion on (110) surface exhibits directional anisotropy. diffusion rate variation from one par functional to another is interpreted in terms of the effective pair potentials.... Nickel, Embedded-atom- method, Surface diffusion, Variational transition state theory, Diffusion.


Descriptors :   *METALS , *SURFACES , *NICKEL , *ADATOMS , *DIFFUSION , FUNCTIONS , INTERACTIONS , PARAMETERS , CRYSTAL LATTICES , COMPARISON , THEORY , ANISOTROPY , ARRHENIUS EQUATION , DIRECTIONAL , BODIES , STATICS , POTENTIAL ENERGY , TRANSITIONS , ADDITIVES , COEFFICIENTS , ENERGY , STRUCTURES , RATES , ATOMS , BULK MATERIALS , VARIATIONS


Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Crystallography
      Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy
      Optics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE