Accession Number : ADA258146


Title :   The Effect of Combat on the Work/Rest Schedules and Fatigue of A-6 and F-14 Aviators During Operation Desert Shield/Storm.


Descriptive Note : Final rept.,


Corporate Author : NAVAL AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LAB PENSACOLA FL


Personal Author(s) : Neri, David F. ; Shappell, Scott A.


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a258146.pdf


Report Date : AUG 1992


Pagination or Media Count : 29


Abstract : During Operation Desert Shield/Storm, A-6 and F-14 aviators aboard USS AMERICA completed daily activity logs and provided subjective measures of fatigue. Aviators flew frequently at night during Desert Storm, but without substantial sleep-related fatigue or problems. A likely contributing factor was the large number of naval aviation assets brought into the combat theater, allowing workload to be shared and activity and rest times to be properly managed. However, raster plots of the data suggest that there may have been an additional contributing factor. The AMERICA travelled eastward from the east coast through seven time zones and became involved in combat shortly after arrival in the Red Sea. This pattern of travel may have given AMERICA's aircrew flying at night a significant advantage over those already operating in the area. If the circadian clocks of AMERICA's aircrew had not fully adapted to local time upon arrival, local night fights were closer to being evening flights on body time. Aircrew may not have been experiencing troughs in their circadian cycles during local night fights, at least for the early part of the war. This would result in a smaller physical challenge to overcome. This situation would likely not hold for aircrew who had been in the region for longer periods, nor would it occur for future conflicts closer to the originating time zone. We recommend the incorporation into battle strategy of information about the circadian phase of combatants (as well as sleep logistics) to help prepare them to fight at suboptimal times. Combat operations, Circadian factors, Aircrew readiness, Operation Desert Shield/Storm.


Descriptors :   *FLIGHT CREWS , *SLEEP DEPRIVATION , *FATIGUE(PHYSIOLOGY) , NAVAL AVIATION , CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS , PERFORMANCE(HUMAN) , JET FIGHTERS , NAVAL OPERATIONS , NIGHT FLIGHT.


Subject Categories : STRESS PHYSIOLOGY
      MILITARY OPERATIONS, STRATEGY AND TACTICS


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE