Accession Number : ADA258022
Title : The Forward Masking Effects of Low-Level Laser Glare on Target Location Performance in a Visual Search Task.
Descriptive Note : Research rept.,
Corporate Author : NAVAL AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LAB PENSACOLA FL
Personal Author(s) : Reddix, M. D. ; D'Andrea, J. A. ; Collyer, P. D.
Report Date : JAN 1992
Pagination or Media Count : 23
Abstract : The present study examined the effects of low-intensity laser glue, far below a level that would cause ocular damage or flashblindness, on the visually guided performance of aviators. With a forward-masking paradigm, this study showed that the time at which laser glare is experienced, relative to initial acquisition of visual information, differentially affects the speed and accuracy of target-location performance. Brief exposure (300 ms) to laser glare, terminating with a visual scene's onset, produced significant decrements in target-location performance relative to a no-glare control whereas a 150 and 300-ms delay of display onset (DDO) had very little effect. The intensity of the light entering the eye and producing these effects was far below the Maximum Permissible Exposure (MPE) limit for safe viewing of coherent light produced by an argon laser. In addition, these effects were modulated by the distance of the target from the center of the visual display. This study demonstrated that the presence of laser glare is not sufficient, in and of itself, to diminish target- location performance. The time at which laser glare is experienced is an important factor in determining the probability and extent of visually mediated performance decrements.
Descriptors : *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN) , *SEARCHING , *VISUAL PERCEPTION , *VISUAL SURVEILLANCE , *GLARE , VELOCITY , ACQUISITION , DAMAGE , DEGRADATION , EXPOSURE(GENERAL) , COCKPITS , TRAINING DEVICES , PROBABILITY , INTENSITY , LIGHT , ACCURACY , LASER BEAMS , DISPLAY SYSTEMS , DELAY , EYE , ARGON LASERS , MASKING , VISUAL AIDS , LOW INTENSITY , FLASHBLINDNESS.
Subject Categories : HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING & MAN MACHINE SYSTEM
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE