Accession Number : ADA257905


Title :   Removal of DNT from Wastewaters at Radford Army Ammunition Plant


Descriptive Note : Final rept., 21 Sep 1988-31 Mar 1991


Corporate Author : IT ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMS INC CINCINNATI OH


Personal Author(s) : Heffinger, J ; Jake, C


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a257905.pdf


Report Date : 31 Mar 1991


Pagination or Media Count : 263


Abstract : 2,4-Dinitrotoluene (DNT), a chemical used in the manufacture of single-base propellants, is a suspected carcinogen and has also been linked to heart disease by some studies. In processing propellants containing this ingredient at Radford Army Ammunition Plant (RAAP, Radford, VA) , wastewater is generated containing various concentrations of DNT. This wastewater requires abatement prior to discharge into the New River. At present, a central biological wastewater treatment plant (BWTP) is operated at RAAP for treating wastewaters. Though the Virginia State Water Control Board has not established limits on DNT discharge, monitoring is required; DNT content is discharged wastewaters must be reported semi-monthly Additionally, in the March 29, 1990 Federal Register, 2,4-DNT was listed as a constituent hazardous organic chemical. This project was tasked with the following: performance of a literature review to identify technologies available for both DNT destruction in wastewaters and DNT removal methods, based on the literature review, selection of the most promising technologies for evaluation in the laboratory to determine their removal efficiency; and bench-scale evaluations of one or more optimum technologies to quantify DNT destruction/removal efficiency and to select the best available and most cost effective technology for application at RAAP. Additionally, research was to be performed to evaluate bioaccumulation and determine if DNT was toxic to microorganisms utilized in wastewater treatment.


Descriptors :   *MANUFACTURING , *TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER , *WATER , *MICROORGANISMS , *ARMY FACILITIES , *WATER POLLUTION CONTROL EQUIPMENT , *DNT , CONTROL , VIRGINIA , LITERATURE SURVEYS , EFFICIENCY , PROPELLANTS , ORGANIC CHEMISTRY , HAZARDOUS MATERIALS , POLLUTION ABATEMENT , CARCINOGENS , RIVERS , ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS , AMMUNITION , COSTS , DISEASES , PROCESSING , CHEMICALS , MONITORING , COST EFFECTIVENESS , REMOVAL


Subject Categories : Water Pollution and Control


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE