Accession Number : ADA257471


Title :   Structuring U.S. Forces after the Cold War: Costs and Effects of Increased Reliance on the Reserves


Descriptive Note : Research rept.


Corporate Author : CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE (U S CONGRESS) WASHINGTON DC


Personal Author(s) : Pierrot, Lane ; Myers, William P ; Watkins, Karen A ; Shachtman, Marc ; Berg, Jonathan I ; Lussier, Frances M ; Berger, Michael B


Report Date : Sep 1992


Pagination or Media Count : 95


Abstract : How ready for war do U.S. military forces need to be during peacetime? This question has special importance in the austere budget climate facing the nation, since maintaining a high level of readiness can be expensive. The appropriate answer may also have changed in recent years because of significant reductions in the threats to U.S. security. The Congress has expressed particular interest in one important factor in determining military readiness: the portions of forces serving on active duty and in the part-time reserve. In recent years, the Congress has mandated increased reliance on existing types of reserves and has also called for experimenting with new types of reserve units. This study, requested by the Committee on the Budget of the United States Senate, analyzes the cost and effects of various mixes of active and reserve forces, including both existing types and new ones. The study does not, however, attempt to select one appropriate mix of active and reserve forces. This approach is in keeping with the mandate of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) to provide objective analysis without making recommendations.


Descriptors :   *MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES) , *MILITARY RESERVES , *COSTS , *ACTIVE DUTY , *COMBAT READINESS , *MILITARY FORCE LEVELS , MILITARY REQUIREMENTS , MILITARY BUDGETS , PEACETIME , MILITARY CAPABILITIES , DEFENSE PLANNING , SAVINGS , MANPOWER UTILIZATION


Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE