Accession Number : ADA257372
Title : Environmental Impact Research Program and Defense Natural Resources Program: Section 7.5.7, US Army Corps of Engineers Wildlife Resources Management Manual
Descriptive Note : Final rept.
Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB
Personal Author(s) : Dittberner, Phillip L ; Dietz, Donald R ; Wasser, Clinton H ; Martin, Chester O ; Mitchell, Wilma A
Report Date : Feb 1992
Pagination or Media Count : 29
Abstract : A plant materials report on autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is provided as Section 7.5.7 of the US Army Corps of Engineers Wildlife Resources management Manual. The report was prepared as a guide to assist project/installation natural resources personnel with the selection, establishment, and management of appropriate plant materials for wildlife and habitat development programs. Major topics covered are description, distribution, habitat requirements, wildlife and land management value, establishment, maintenance, and cautions and limitations. Autumn olive is a hardy shrub or small tree introduced into the United States from Asia. It is widely used in the East in habitat improvement projects designed to attract wildlife, provide barriers, beautify existing landscapes, and reclaim disturbed sites. Autumn olive is tolerant of a wide range of soils and climatic conditions. Plants grow best on well-drained soils that are deep, sandy, loamy, or moderately fine-textured. Establishment of autumn olive is often recommended for borders, hedgerows, windbreaks, and disturbed sites. Planting stock of autumn olive is readily available, and some commercial nurseries produce propagules in quantity. Four cultivars (Cardinal, Ellagood, Elsberry, and Redwing) have been developed and are adapted to geographically specific regions. This report provides information on management objectives, site selection and preparation, propagule selection, planting methods, and maintenance requirements for autumn olive throughout its area of potential use. Management cautions and limitations are discussed, and guidelines are provided on the appropriate use of autumn olive in wildlife and habitat management programs. Autumn olive, Habitat development, Elaeagnus, Plant materials, Elaeagnus umbellta, Wildlife management.
Descriptors : *PLANT GROWTH , *ENGINEERS , *RESOURCE MANAGEMENT , *WILDLIFE , *SHRUBS , *AUTUMN , MAINTENANCE , OBSERVERS , REQUIREMENTS , UNITED STATES , PREPARATION , DISTRIBUTION , QUANTITY , MATERIALS , NATURAL RESOURCES , SITES , STRUCTURES , REGIONS , ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT , SOILS , TREES , SURVEYS , LIMITATIONS , PLANTING , FINES , ASIA , SELECTION , HABITATS , ARMY , RECORDS , VALUE , SITE SELECTION , PERSONNEL , ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS , BARRIERS , INSTALLATION
Subject Categories : Agronomy, Horticulture and Aquiculture
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE