Accession Number : ADA257142


Title :   An Investigation into Islamic Fundamentalism and an Assessment of Its Relationship with the Concept of Jihad


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis 5 Aug 1991-5 Jun 1992


Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS


Personal Author(s) : Campbell, Alastair


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a257142.pdf


Report Date : 05 Jun 1992


Pagination or Media Count : 133


Abstract : Islamic fundamentalism and Jihad are terms which have become prominent over the last two decades but are frequently misunderstood as concepts. Fundamentalism essentially means reviving Islam with its original pure principles as outlined by Mohammad and as demonstrated by his own example. Jihad means active struggle in the path of Allah both against evil and against enemies who threaten Islam. Fundamentalism is a recurring theme in Islam which is a religion of continual renewal. Frequent attempts have been made to cleanse Islam of the potential impurities of mysticism and the secular influences of nationalism and modernization. Sunni and Shia fundamentalist movements present interesting contrasts as exemplified by the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and Khomeini in Iran. The Sunnis have acted as a transnational 'conscience' of Islam without gaining power. The Shia appeal to emotion, through re-enactment of dramatic history, inspired fanatical martyrdom and produced a remarkable revolution. Jihad has been used by fundamentalists as a unifying and as an energizing force but with varying intensity. For the Brotherhood it meant obedience and loyalty; for Khomeini it meant struggle against the Great Satan, personified by America, and self-sacrifice at the command of the Ii-nam. Islam; Fundamentalism; Jihad.


Descriptors :   *EGYPT , ISLAM , INTENSITY , PATHS , HISTORY , ENEMY , POWER , IRAN , EMOTIONS


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Humanities and History


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE