Accession Number : ADA256818


Title :   Operation Just Cause and the U.S. Policy Process


Corporate Author : RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA


Personal Author(s) : Grant, Rebecca L


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a256818.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1991


Pagination or Media Count : 51


Abstract : American policy toward Panama has been dominated by the Panama Canal, but the Canal has never been the direct cause of American military interventions in Panama. Since the 19th Century, the United States has on occasion played the role of a policeman in Panama. Most of the U.S. interventions took place before the Canal was completed in 1914. The last of these interventions occurred in 1925, when U.S. forces stationed in Panama subdued riots in Panama City. Operation Just Cause was carried in part for reasons that strongly resembled the earlier justifications for intervention. By the time Manual Noriega became an internationally recognized menace and President Bush decided to intervene, the Canal itself was only a background issue. The Bush administration was far more concerned with ending Noriega's ability to use the Panama Defense Forces to control the country. When Noriega refused to accept the victory of an opposition party in the May 1989 elections, final proof that Panama's economy and its civil society could not function effectively as long as Noriega remained in power.


Descriptors :   *NATIONAL SECURITY , MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES) , MILITARY OPERATIONS , PANAMA , UNITED STATES


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Geography
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE