Accession Number : ADA256712


Title :   Radar Observations of the Effects of Changing Electric Fields on the Orientations of Hydrometeors


Descriptive Note : Interim rept.


Corporate Author : PHILLIPS LAB HANSCOM AFB MA


Personal Author(s) : Metcalf, James I


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a256712.pdf


Report Date : 14 May 1992


Pagination or Media Count : 36


Abstract : The changing orientations of hydrometeors due to rapidly changing electric fields in clouds have been observed for the first time at a radar wavelength of 11 cm (S-band) with the polarimetric Doppler radar operated in Sudbury, MA by the Geophysics Directorate of Phillips Laboratory. During 1991 the radar was operated in a half-matrix mode, transmitting a signal of right circular polarization and receiving signals of right and left circular polarization. Observations of electrified storms on nine days during the spring and summer of 1991 revealed several occurrences of lightning that coincided with significant changes of the circular depolarization ratio (CDR), the cross- correlation, or the phase of the cross-covariance of the two received signals. Changes up to 2 dB in CDR, 50% in cross-correlation, and 40 deg in phase were observed. However, many occurrences of lightning observed by radar were not accompanied by detectable changes of hydrometeor orientations, and there were no observations of the cyclical changes of the polarimetric quantities that have been observed elsewhere with radars of shorter wavelength. Examples of observations are presented and implications for future measurements with this radar are discussed.


Descriptors :   *ATMOSPHERIC ELECTRICITY , *HYDROMETEORS , CLOUDS , POLARIZATION , DOPPLER RADAR , ELECTRIC FIELDS , RADAR , LIGHTNING , SIGNALS , S BAND , STORMS , GROUND BASED , RADAR SIGNALS , CLOUD PHYSICS , CIRCULAR , CROSS CORRELATION


Subject Categories : Atmospheric Physics
      Meteorology
      Active & Passive Radar Detection & Equipment


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE