Accession Number : ADA256693


Title :   Trade-Offs in Mass and Effectiveness in Satellite Shielding: A Design Approach


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 24 May-31 Dec 1991


Corporate Author : PHILLIPS LAB KIRTLAND AFB NM


Personal Author(s) : Fortson, Bryan H


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a256693.pdf


Report Date : Aug 1992


Pagination or Media Count : 28


Abstract : The optimal design for a debris shield for a spacecraft is discussed. A shield 3-ft thick would provide excellent protection, but would be prohibitively expensive to deploy. Conversely, using no shield at all would be highly economical, but would provide poor protection from impacts. Somewhere between these two extremes is a shielding design that combines effectiveness with practicality. A rationale for determining this optimal configuration is outlined. Consider the case for which the thickness of a shield determines its mass and its debris-stopping effectiveness. A shield is considered to have failed when its ballistic limit is exceeded, that is, when it is penetrated. Using this criterion, along with existing models of the orbital debris environment, computer simulations can determine the probability that a given shield will be penetrated by debris over a 1-yr time span. This probability can be expressed as a function of the shield thickness. The shield thickness corresponding to the maximum acceptable probability of failure is the optimum thickness. This report outlines an experimental plan for applying this rationale.


Descriptors :   *SHIELDING , *SPACECRAFT DEBRIS , FUNCTIONS , SIMULATION , THICKNESS , SPACECRAFT , IMPACT , DEBRIS , HYPERVELOCITY IMPACT , MODELS , BALLISTICS , COMPUTERS , MASS , PROBABILITY , FAILURE , CONFIGURATIONS , STOPPING , PROTECTION


Subject Categories : Electromagnetic Shielding
      Astronautics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE