Accession Number : ADA256616
Title : Effects of Seating Configuration and Number of Type 3 Exits on Emergency Aircraft Evacuation
Descriptive Note : Final rept.
Corporate Author : FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION WASHINGTON DC OFFICE OF AVIATION MEDICINE
Personal Author(s) : McLean, Garnet A ; Chittum, Charles B ; Funkhouser, Gordon E ; Fairlie, Gregory W ; Folk, Earl W
Report Date : Aug 1992
Pagination or Media Count : 13
Abstract : An increase in the required pathway width from aircraft center aisles to Type III overwing exits is being weighed by the FAA. To augment the analysis, an examination of seat/exit configuration effects on simulated emergency egress was conducted in the CAMI Evacuation Research Facility. Four subject groups traversed four different seat/exit configurations in a counter-balanced, repeated-measures design. Pathway width was modified by altering seat pitch. In single-exit trials the fastest times and highest flow-rates occurred with a 20 pathway between triple seats or a 10 pathway between double seats. Double exits produced 36% shorter egress times (p.007), although flow-rates declined 11% and exit plug removal times increased 32%, compared to single exits. Efficient egress requires optimization of the space around the exit. Generally, wider pathways and fewer obstructions enhance this process; however; when available space exceeds individual passenger needs, conflicts may be produced which inhibit egress. Emergency Evacuations, Type III Exits, Seat Pitch, Egress.
Descriptors : *CONFIGURATIONS , *EXITS , *EVACUATION , *PASSENGERS , REMOVAL , OPTIMIZATION , EMERGENCIES , AIRCRAFT , CONFLICT , COUNTERS , AIRCRAFT SEATS , SEATS , FLOW , PLUGS , WIDTH , FACILITIES , RATES , RESEARCH FACILITIES , FLOW RATE
Subject Categories : Administration and Management
Personnel Management and Labor Relations
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE