Accession Number : ADA256220


Title :   Grout for Closure of the Demonstration Vault at the US DOE Hanford Facility


Descriptive Note : Final rept.


Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS STRUCTURES LAB


Personal Author(s) : Wakeley, Lllian D ; Ernzen, James J


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a256220.pdf


Report Date : Aug 1992


Pagination or Media Count : 154


Abstract : The Waterways Experiment Station (WES) developed a grout to be used as a cold- (nonradioactive) cap or void-fill grout between the solidified low- level waste and the cover blocks of a demonstration vault for disposal of phosphate-sulfate waste (PSW) at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hanford Facility. The project consisted of formulation and evaluation of candidate grouts and selection of the best candidate grout, followed by a physical scale- model test to verify grout performance under project-specific conditions. Further, the project provided data to verify numerical models (accomplished elsewhere) of stresses and isotherms inside the Hanford demonstration vault. Evaluation of unhardened grout included obtaining data on segregation, bleeding, flow, and working time. For hardened grout, strength, volume stability, temperature rise, and chemical compatibility with surrogate wasteform grout were examined. The grout was formulated to accommodate unique environmental boundary conditions (vault temperature - 45 deg C) and exacting regulatory requirements (mandating less than 0.1 percent shrinkage with no expansion and no bleeding); and to remain pumpable for a minimum of 2 hr. A grout consisting of API Class H oil-well cement, an ASTM C 618 Class F fly ash, sodium bentonite clay, and a natural sand from the Hanford area met performance requirements in laboratory studies. It is recommended for use in the DOE Hanford demonstration PSW vault. Grout, Waste disposal, Hanford.


Descriptors :   *TEST AND EVALUATION , *MODELS , *GROUT , *WASTE DISPOSAL , STRESSES , REQUIREMENTS , STATIONS , DEMONSTRATIONS , FORMULATIONS , ENERGY , SODIUM , SCALE , MODEL TESTS , CLAY MINERALS , CEMENTS , BOUNDARIES , TIME , FLY ASH , VOIDS , SAND , OIL WELLS , ASHES , SHRINKAGE , HEMORRHAGE , PHOSPHATES , ISOTHERMS , SELECTION , OILS , DISPOSAL , SULFATES , WASTES , FLOW , EXPANSION , LABORATORIES , CLAY , LOW LEVEL , COMPATIBILITY , FACILITIES , CHEMICALS , TEMPERATURE , VOLUME , STABILITY , SCALE MODELS


Subject Categories : Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods
      Solid Wastes Pollution and Control


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE