Accession Number : ADA255761


Title :   Comparison of Sweating Guarded Hot Plate and Upright Cup Methods of Measuring Water Vapor Permeability


Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jun-Sep 1991


Corporate Author : ARMY NATICK RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING CENTER MA


Personal Author(s) : Gibson, Phillip W


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a255761.pdf


Report Date : Aug 1992


Pagination or Media Count : 52


Abstract : Military uniform materials vary widely in their heat transfer and water vapor transport characteristics. In hot environments the water vapor permeability of clothing should be high to maximize evaporative cooling. High water vapor permeability is also important in cold environments to prevent or minimize water buildup in clothing. Several techniques exist to evaluate the water vapor transport characteristics of clothing materials. The most common techniques include guarded hot plate sweating skin simulants and cup-type moisture vapor transmission rate (MVTR) tests. Theoretically all such tests measure an identical property, water vapor resistance, but the results between different types of tests rarely agree. The reasons for the discrepancies are due to the different conditions present in each test; in some cases the intrinsic properties of the materials are altered by the test conditions. MVTR and sweating skin simulant water vapor resistances correlate quite well for permeable woven and nonwoven textile materials. Semipermeable membranes divide neatly into two types of behavior. Hydrophobic membranes show good correlation between MVTR and sweating skin simulant tests, but hydrophilic membranes show poor agreement between the two types of tests. The scatter is accounted for by noting the different vapor pressure gradient present in the two types of tests, which, when combined with the different levels of water present in the hydrophilic membranes, drastically alters the intrinsic transport characteristics of these hydrophilic membranes. The implications for materials screening testing are discussed.


Descriptors :   *PERMEABILITY , *FABRICS , *WATER VAPOR , *PERSPIRATION , *UNIFORMS , TEST AND EVALUATION , ENVIRONMENTS , INSULATION , COOLING , TRANSPORT , DIFFUSION , EVAPORATION , HEAT STRESS(PHYSIOLOGY) , THERMAL INSULATION , GRADIENTS , HYDROPHOBIC PROPERTIES , TEXTILES , CLOTHING , MOISTURE , BEHAVIOR , MEMBRANES , MASS TRANSFER , CORRELATION , RESISTANCE , MATERIALS , HEAT TRANSFER


Subject Categories : Textiles
      Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
      Thermodynamics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE