Accession Number : ADA255345


Title :   Confined Phonon Modes and Hot-Electron Energy Relaxation in Semiconductor Microstructures


Descriptive Note : Journal article


Corporate Author : MARYLAND UNIV COLLEGE PARK DEPT OF PHYSICS


Personal Author(s) : Das Sarma, S ; Campos, V B ; Strosciot, M A ; Kim, K W


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a255345.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1992


Pagination or Media Count : 8


Abstract : The role of confined phonon modes in determining the energy relaxation of hot electrons in low-dimensional semiconductor microstructures is discussed within a dielectric continuum model for the LO phonon confinement and a long wavelength Frohlich model for the electron-phonon interaction. Numerical results are provided for the hot-electron relaxation rate as a function of electron temperature and density for GaAs quantum wells and quantum wires by taking into account emission of slab phonon modes. Comparison with existing experimental results shows some evidence for slab phonon emission in inter- subband electronic relaxation in reasonably narrow quantum wells. It is argued that most experiments can be interpreted in terms of an electron-bulk phonon interaction model (i.e. by taking into account the effect of confinement only on the electrons and assuming the phonons to be the usual bulk three-dimensional phonons) because a number of important physical processes, such as screening, the hot phonon effect, phonon self-energy correction etc, make it difficult to distinguish quantitatively between various models for phonon confinement, except perhaps in the narrowest (50A) wells and wires. Detailed numerical results for the calculated intrasubband relaxation rate in GaAs quantum wires are provided within the slab phonon and the electron temperature model, including the effects of dynamical screening, quantum degeneracy and non-equilibrium hot phonons.


Descriptors :   *DIELECTRICS , *PHONONS , EMISSION , REPRINTS , TEMPERATURE , MICROSTRUCTURE , SEMICONDUCTORS , THREE DIMENSIONAL , QUANTUM WIRES , RELAXATION TIME , FREE ELECTRONS , MODELS , INTERACTIONS , QUANTUM WELLS , GALLIUM ARSENIDES


Subject Categories : Electrical and Electronic Equipment
      Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy
      Quantum Theory and Relativity


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE