Accession Number : ADA255311


Title :   The Decade of the Seventies in El Salvador: Prelude to Revolution


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS


Personal Author(s) : Crouch, Sr, James R


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a255311.pdf


Report Date : 05 Jun 1992


Pagination or Media Count : 100


Abstract : El Salvador is coming to the and of a civil war that cost more than 80,000 lives. This thesis surveys the factors that led to this war and, soon thereafter, to U.S. involvement. The introductory chapter provides background material concerning the historical, economic, social, and political development of El Salvador. The pattern of land tenure, which was dominated by large coffee plantations and concentrated ownership of land in the hands of a few elite, would eventually lead to a politically and economically powerful oligarchy. Oligarchic domination of politics, supported by the military, created a situation that denied the majority of the population access to economic security and political power. This resulted in the political polarization of society and the repression of those expressing discontent. The decade of the 1970s brought the solidification of leftist organizations and the involvement of the military in politics. The coup of 1979 presented a real opportunity for reform and a centrist solution to the polarization of politics. The impact of proclamations and reform policies that a succession of juntas enacted following the 1979 military coup are examined to determine their successes and failures and their impact on the political realm. The paper concludes with the election of 1982, during which civilian politicians were put into power for the first time since 1931.


Descriptors :   *GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN) , *HISTORY , *POLITICAL REVOLUTION , *EL SALVADOR , *INSURGENCY , *MILITARY GOVERNMENT , UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT , LAND USE , CIVIL DISTURBANCES , ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT , COFFEE , ELECTIONS , SUPPRESSION , RELIGION , POLITICAL PARTIES , MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , THESES


Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Sociology and Law
      Humanities and History


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE