Accession Number : ADA254803


Title :   Electronic Phenomena in Polyanilines


Descriptive Note : Technical rept. 31 May 1991-30 Jun 1992,


Corporate Author : PENNSYLVANIA UNIV PHILADELPHIA DEPT OF CHEMISTRY


Personal Author(s) : Epstein, A J ; MacDiarmid, A G


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a254803.pdf


Report Date : 05 Jun 1992


Pagination or Media Count : 14


Abstract : Polyanilines have been known for over one hundred years. Recent studies of this chemically flexible polymer have demonstrated unusual chemical, electrical, and optical phenomena, both in insulating forms and conducting forms. Polyaniline has three stable insulating forms, leucoemeraldine base (LEB), emeraldine base (EB), and pernigraniline base (PNB). These three forms exhibit differing phenomena ranging from intramonomer luminescing excitons and ring rotation polarons in LEB, to nonluminescing charge transfer excitons and also ring rotational polarons in EB, to a degenerate ground state with bond order parameter solitons and ring order parameter polarons in PNB. The LEB form can be p-doped (oxidatively doped), the EB form can be protonic acid doped and the PNB form can be n-doped (reductively doped) to form conducting systems. Charge conduction studies of oriented films and fibers demonstrate that three- dimensional order between chains is critical for high conductivities. The ability to derivatize polyaniline at ring and nitrogen positions allows one to test concepts for the control of conductivity as well as improved processing.


Descriptors :   *ELECTRONICS , TEST AND EVALUATION , FIBERS , CHEMICALS , POLYMERS , FILMS , NITROGEN , CHAINS , GROUND STATE , EXCITONS , ACIDS , SOLITONS , ROTATION , RINGS , TRANSFER , CHARGE TRANSFER , THREE DIMENSIONAL , OPTICAL PHENOMENA , PROCESSING , PARAMETERS , CONDUCTIVITY , CONTROL


Subject Categories : Physical Chemistry
      Polymer Chemistry
      Electrical and Electronic Equipment


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE