Accession Number : ADA254172


Title :   West German Military Modernization Goals, Resources, and Conventional Arms Control


Descriptive Note : Monograph


Corporate Author : RAND ARROYO CENTER SANTA MONICA CA


Personal Author(s) : Nation, Joseph E


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a254172.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1991


Pagination or Media Count : 130


Abstract : Over the past several years, West German leaders have unveiled carefully constructed and ambitious plans, commonly called Bundeswehr 2000, to modernize military forces in the next several years. The financial requirements of these modernization efforts are certain to be large, particularly since replacement equipment is almost always more costly than its predecessors. Requirements appear substantial even with conventional force reduction agreements that cut forces. Several factors further complicate West Germany's modernization efforts. A precipitous drop in the number of male youths will make achieving conscript personnel goals virtually impossible. This demographic trough also will exert strong upward wage pressures for careerists and make careerist personnel objectives both more difficult to achieve and more costly. The falling Soviet threat, strengthened by political and economic reforms in Eastern Europe; the debate over NATO strategy and force structure; and the emerging debate about the need for and role of the Bundeswehr complicate modernization efforts. The reunification of Germany also seems certain to alter modernization plans. West Germany's ability to achieve its military modernization goals is important. For the immediate future, Germany will remain the most critical European player in NATO's defense strategy. This will be true as long as Soviet forces are in Eastern Europe and regardless of the outcomes of reforms in the East, Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) negotiations, and German reunification. This report compares the financial requirements of achieving Bundeswehr modernization goals with a range of projected budgetary resources. The financial requirements of major equipment production and projected resources are estimated for two cases: in the absence of conventional arms control in Europe and following a first-stage CFE agreement.


Descriptors :   *MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN) , *MILITARY EQUIPMENT , *COST ESTIMATES , *ARMS CONTROL , *MILITARY MODERNIZATION , *WEST GERMANY , *MILITARY BUDGETS , USSR , NATO , RECRUITING , MILITARY PROCUREMENT , SHORTAGES , DEFENSE PLANNING , MILITARY FORCE LEVELS , MALES , FORECASTING , DEMOGRAPHY , WEAPON SYSTEMS , MILITARY PERSONNEL , MILITARY REQUIREMENTS


Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Economics and Cost Analysis
      Military Forces and Organizations
      Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE