Accession Number : ADA254018
Title : Evaluation of Sediment Contamination in Pearl Harbor
Descriptive Note : Final rept.
Corporate Author : NAVAL COMMAND CONTROL AND OCEAN SURVEILLANCE CENTER RDT AND E DIV SAN DIEGO CA
Personal Author(s) : Grovhoug, Joseph G
Report Date : Jun 1992
Pagination or Media Count : 82
Abstract : Pearl Harbor demonstrates remarkable resilience to natural and human- induced contaminant stresses. A review of more than fifty harbor-specific data sets reveals a complex contamination and recovery history. Siltation is a major contaminant pathway in Pearl Harbor. Dredging operations, which are necessary due to high siltation rates, reduce contaminant loading by periodically removing the upper harbor sediment layers. The response of test organisms during sediment toxicity and bioaccumulation studies showed negligible effects from sediment toxicity. The environmental quality at an offshore dredge disposal site for the harbor is not measurable affected. Urban runoff via storm drains and tributaries is an important nonpoint source of contaminant exposure to the Pearl Harbor ecosystem. Most contaminants experience extensive physical, chemical, and biological, modification after entering the harbor environment. Certain contaminants, including PCBS, petroleum hydrocarbons, and silver, were reported at sufficiently elevated sediment concentrations to warrant environmental concern in some harbor regions and may warrant further evaluation. The overall sediment quality in Pearl Harbor, however, is less degraded than that of many U. S. mainland coastal harbors. Further detailed study of the abundance and distribution of important marine resources in Pearl Harbor is recommended.
Descriptors : *ENVIRONMENTAL TESTS , *SEDIMENTS , *HARBORS , TEST AND EVALUATION , STRESSES , RECOVERY , ENVIRONMENTS , DISTRIBUTION , CHEMICALS , RATES , REGIONS , OFFSHORE , BIOASSAY , ECOLOGY , FISHES , RUNOFF , SILVER , DREDGING , DISPOSAL , CONTAMINATION , CRABS , PEARL HARBOR , RESILIENCE , CRUDE OIL , QUALITY , RESPONSE , HYDROCARBONS , HISTORY , CONTAMINANTS , ECOSYSTEMS , RESOURCES
Subject Categories : Solid Wastes Pollution and Control
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE