Accession Number : ADA251649


Title :   Prophylactic Use of High-Frequency Percussive Ventilation in Patients with Inhalation Injury,


Corporate Author : ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAMHOUSTON TX


Personal Author(s) : Cioffi, William G , Jr ; Rue, Loring W , III ; Graves, Theresa A ; McManus, William F ; Mason, Arthur D , Jr


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a251649.pdf


Report Date : Jun 1991


Pagination or Media Count : 8


Abstract : Death and the incidence of pneumonia are significantly increased in burn patients with inhalation injury, despite application of conventional ventilatory support techniques. The effect of high-frequency percussive ventilation on mortality rate, incidence of pulmonary infection, and barotrauma were studied in 54 burn patients with documented inhalation injury admitted between March 1987 and September 1990 as compared to an historic cohort treated between 1980 and 1984. All patients satisfied clinical criteria for mechanical ventilation. High-frequency percussive ventilation was initiated within 24 hours of intubation. The patients' mean age and burn size were 32.2 years and 47.8%, respectively (ranges, 15 to 88 years; 0% to 90%).


Descriptors :   *WOUNDS AND INJURIES , RESPIRATION , MORTALITY RATE , PNEUMONIA , VENTILATORS


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE