Accession Number : ADA241774


Title :   The Evolution of U.S. Army Doctrine: from Active Defense to Airland Battle and Beyond


Descriptive Note : Mater's thesis,


Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS


Personal Author(s) : Long, Jeffrey W


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a241774.pdf


Report Date : 13 May 1991


Pagination or Media Count : 334


Abstract : This study explains the recent evolution of U.S. Army doctrine. During the last two decades, the Army revised its capstone manual--FM 100-5, Operations--three times: in 1976, 1982, and 1986. A fourth revision is underway in 1991. This thesis chronicles the change in doctrine by analyzing the differences between the four versions of FM 100-5. It then employs five external factors (the change in technology, strategy, threat, domestic political context, and resource base) and four internal factors (the Army's organizational interests, the process of doctrine development, the bureaucratic politics within the Army, and the cognitive psychology of the Army's leaders) to explain the recent change in doctrine. The thesis concludes that in 1976 constraining external factors forced the Army to adopt a doctrine that was at odds with its internal needs. The early Reagan years, in contrast, permitted a return to a doctrine that better served the Army's interests. Though environmental changes call that doctrine into question in the nineties, the Army resists significant changes to a doctrine that satisfies its internal needs. The U.S. Army's current doctrine addresses organizational preferences better than operational requirements.


Descriptors :   *REQUIREMENTS , ENVIRONMENTS , LEADERSHIP , ACTIVE DEFENSE , MILITARY DOCTRINE , COGNITION , THESES , INTERNAL , RESOURCES , EXTERNAL , ARMY , PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY) , AIR LAND BATTLES , DOCTRINE , POLITICAL SCIENCE


Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE