Accession Number : ADA227980


Title :   A Field Scale Investigation of Enhanced Petroleum Hydrocarbon Biodegradation in the Vadose Zone Combining Soil Venting as an Oxygen Source with Moisture and Nutrient Addition


Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis,


Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH


Personal Author(s) : Miller, Ross N


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a227980.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1990


Pagination or Media Count : 191


Abstract : Soil venting is effective for the physical removal of volatile hydrocarbons from unsaturated soils, and is also effective as a source of oxygen for biological degradation of the volatile and non-volatile fractions of hydrocarbons in contaminated soil. Treatment of soil venting off-gas is expensive, constituting a minimum of 50% of soil venting remediation costs. In this research, methods for enhancing biodegradation through soil venting were investigated, with the goal of eliminating the need for expensive off-gas treatment. A seven-month field investigation was conducted at Tyndall Air Force Base (AFB), Florida, where past jet fuel storage had resulted in contamination of a sandy soil. The contaminated area was dewatered to maintain approximately 1.6 meters of unsaturated soil. Soil hydrocarbon concentrations ranged from 30 to 23,000 mg/kg. Contaminated and uncontaminated test plots were vented for 188 days. Venting was interrupted five times during operation to allow for measurement of biological activity (CO2 production and O2 consumption) under varying moisture and nutrient conditions. (js)


Descriptors :   *SOILS , *CONTAMINATION , MEASUREMENT , REMOVAL , BIOLOGY , PHYSICAL PROPERTIES , NUTRIENTS , OXYGEN , SCALE , HYDROCARBONS , VOLATILITY , AIR FORCE FACILITIES , STORAGE , MOISTURE , JET ENGINE FUELS , PLOTTING , FLORIDA , PETROLEUM PRODUCTS , BIODETERIORATION , VENTING , ADDITION , TEST AND EVALUATION , SOURCES


Subject Categories : Environmental Health and Safety


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE