Accession Number : ADA227665


Title :   Emesis and Defecations Induced by the 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT3) Receptor Anatagonist Zacopride in the Ferret


Corporate Author : ARMED FORCES RADIOBIOLOGY RESEARCH INST BETHESDA MD


Personal Author(s) : King, Gregory L


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a227665.pdf


Report Date : 16 Feb 1990


Pagination or Media Count : 10


Abstract : Three antiemetic compounds (zacopride, batanopride, granisetron were evaluated for the production of gastrointestinal side effects in the conscious ferret after i.v. or p.o. administration. Zacopride evoked multiple emetic and defecatory responses at clinically relevant doses (0.003-0.3 mg/kg) and in a dose-dependent manner. The oral route was the more potent one for eliciting emesis (ED50 0,033 mg/kg). At 0.3 mg/kg p.o., zacopride reliably evoked an 80 to 100% incidence of emesis and a 40 to 80% incidence of defecation. In contrast, batanopride and BRL43694 i.v. evoked a small (10%) incidence of these side effects, but only at 0.1 to 10 mg/kg doses. When give p.o. (0.00003-10mg/kg), these latter compounds never evoked emesis and significantly reduced the incidence of defecation below that of vehicle. Responses to zacopride (0.3 mg/kg p.o.) were challenged by i.p. pretreatment with the 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor agonist 2-methyl serotonin, the 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor antagonist BRL43694, the quaternary atropine derivative glycopyrrolate, the dopamine receptor antagonist domperidone or selective abdominal vagotomies.


Descriptors :   *ATROPINE , *EMETICS , DOSAGE , QUATERNARY COMPOUNDS , DOPAMINE , EMESIS , GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM , CHEMICAL DERIVATIVES , PRODUCTION , REPRINTS , SENSE ORGANS


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE