Accession Number : ADA225911


Title :   Trauma, Disasters and Recovery


Corporate Author : UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIV OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES BETHESDA MD DEPT OF PSYCHIATRY


Personal Author(s) : Ursano, Robert J ; Fullerton, Carol S ; Wright, Kathy M ; McCarroll, James E


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a225911.pdf


Report Date : Jun 1990


Pagination or Media Count : 107


Abstract : This volume reviews data collected from three different disasters: (1) the Ramstein Air Force Base Flutag Disaster, (2) the crash of a C-141 from Norton Air Force Base, and (3) responses of those who participated in the body identification process of the sailors killed aboard the USS Iowa Naval Disaster. This report presents a description of findings rather than conclusions. From these studies it appears exposure to traumatic events, in particular, death and dismembered bodies, is extremely stressful. Individual and unit recovery can be expected and occurs over a period of months, not hours or days. Supervisors should be alert to over dedication which can be a risk factor for increased difficulties. The expression of feelings at unexpected times and in unexpected places is a natural part of recovery following a disaster. Informing disaster workers about the events of the disaster and involving spouses/significant others in the recovery process increases the strength of recovery environment and is an important aspect of mobilizing the community to support both disaster victims and support givers. Award and recognition for disaster work are very important to the integration of the experience into the normal pattern of life. Sensitive leadership is critical to individual and unit recovery. Keywords: Trauma, Disasters, Recovery, Military Psychiatry, Community Responses, Post- Traumatic Stress, Mental Health, Social psychology.


Descriptors :   *DISASTERS , *RECOVERY , *TRAUMA , EXPOSURE(GENERAL) , NAVAL PERSONNEL , NAVY , SENSITIVITY , IDENTIFICATION , RESPONSE , PSYCHIATRY , MILITARY MEDICINE , CASUALTIES , SUPERVISORS , AIR FORCE FACILITIES , PERSONNEL , MENTAL HEALTH , DEATH , IOWA , COMMUNITY RELATIONS , SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY , LEADERSHIP , RISK , ENVIRONMENTS , STRENGTH(GENERAL)


Subject Categories : Psychology
      Safety Engineering


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE