Accession Number : ADA223498


Title :   Disposal of Liquid Propellants


Descriptive Note : Final rept. Oct 1988-Nov 1989


Corporate Author : PEI ASSOCIATES CINNCINNATI OH


Personal Author(s) : Dosani, Majid A ; Taylor, Michael L ; Graham, Carolyn A


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a223498.pdf


Report Date : 13 Mar 1990


Pagination or Media Count : 65


Abstract : The U.S. Army is developing a liquid propellant that will possibly be used in certain applications as a replacement for conventional munitions. The propellant includes an oxidizer (hydroxylammonium nitrate), a fuel (triethanolammonium nitrate), and water. In anticipation of widespread (both continental U.S. and abroad) use of the propellant, USATHAMA began a research program to identify the procedures that could be implemented for disposing of the propellant in instances such as spills or destruction of excess or offspec liquid propellant. In this report the chemistry of the liquid propellant is reviewed, and chemical, physical, and biological processes that result in the degradation of the propellant components and similar compounds are described. In addition, domestic and foreign regulations pertaining to environmental releases of the propellant and/or its degradation products are discussed. Keywords: Hydroxylammonium nitrate (HAN); Biological degradation; Triethanolammonium nitrate (TEAN); Photolytic degradation; Liquid propellant; Thermal degradation; Nitrosamine.


Descriptors :   *LIQUID PROPELLANTS , *DISPOSAL , DEGRADATION , BIOLOGY , PHOTOLYSIS , WATER , PROPELLANTS , CHEMISTRY , FUELS , AMMUNITION , RELEASE , OXIDIZERS , DOMESTIC , REGULATIONS , THERMAL DEGRADATION , HYDROXYL RADICALS , BIODETERIORATION , AMMONIUM NITRATE , NITROSAMINES , ENVIRONMENTS , FOREIGN


Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE