Accession Number : ADA221143
Title : Toxicity and Kinetics of (3H)Microcystin-LR in Isolated Perfused Rat Livers
Descriptive Note : Interim rept.
Corporate Author : ARMY MEDICAL RESEARCH INST OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES FORT DETRICK MD
Personal Author(s) : Pace, Judith G ; Robinson, Nancy A ; Miura, George A ; Matson, Charles F ; Geisbert, Thomas W
Report Date : 20 Mar 1990
Pagination or Media Count : 40
Abstract : Microcystin-LR (MCYST-LR) is a cyclic hepatotoxin isolated from the cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. Isolated rat livers were perfused for 60 min with either 0.3 or 0.5 microgram/ml (initial volume, 119 ml) of (Tritium) microcystin-LR (MCYST-LR) at a constant flow of 10 ml/min in a recirculating system. During the 60-min exposure, toxin caused stimulation of glycogenolysis, liver engorgement, and cessation of bile flow. Electron micrographs of liver showed dilation of bile canaliculi and the space of Disse, loss of sinusoidal lining architecture, and decreased hepatocyte intercellular contacts. Although hepatocytes did not exhibit overt necrosis, mitochondria were hydropic, occasionally encircled by whorls of rough endoplasmic reticulum; and desmosomal tonofilaments were decreased on the plasma membrane lateral surface. Isolated mitochondria displayed inhibition of state 3 respiration and a 50-60% decrease in the respiratory control index, characteristic of hydropism. Distribution of radiolabel was 1.7% to bile, 79% to perfusate, and 15% to liver.
Descriptors : *LIVER , *CELLS(BIOLOGY) , *TOXINS AND ANTITOXINS , *MICROCYSTIS , CONTROL , RATS , REACTION KINETICS , TOXICITY , ISOLATION , CYCLES , DISPLAY SYSTEMS , ELECTRON MICROSCOPY , INDEXES , FLOW , RESPIRATION , INHIBITION , NECROSIS , TRITIUM , BILE , PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA , MITOCHONDRIA
Subject Categories : Toxicology
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE