Accession Number : ADA220807


Title :   Trehalose Dimycolate Enhances Survival of Fission Neutron-Irradiated Mice and Klebsiella pneumoniae-Challenged Irradiated Mice


Corporate Author : ARMED FORCES RADIOBIOLOGY RESEARCH INST BETHESDA MD


Personal Author(s) : McChesney, D G ; Ledney, G D ; Madonna, G S


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a220807.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1990


Pagination or Media Count : 6


Abstract : The effects of radiation on mammalian hematopoietic, myelopoietic, and gastrointestinal systems are diverse and depend on both the exposure dose and the quality of radiation. The survival of B6D2FI female mice exposed to lethal doses of fission neutron radiation is increased when trehalose dimycolate (TDM) preparations are given either 1 h after exposure or 1 day before exposure to radiation. TDM in an emulsion of squalene, Tween 80, and saline was the most effective formulation for increasing the 30-day survival of mice when given 1 day before (90%) or 1 h after (88%) exposure to radiation. An aqueous suspension of a synthetic analog of TDM was less effective at increasing 30-day survival (60%) when given 1 day prior to radiation exposure and not effective when given 1 h after radiation. Mice receiving a sublethal dose (3.5 Gy) of fission neutron radiation and either the TDM emulsion or synthetic TDM 1 h after irradiation were substantially more resistant to challenge with 10, 100, 1000, or 5,000 times the LD (50/30) dose of Klebsiella pneumoniae than untreated mice. Reprints.


Descriptors :   *NEUTRON IRRADIATION , TREHALOSE , PREPARATION , EXPOSURE(GENERAL) , WATER , SURVIVAL(GENERAL) , NUCLEAR RADIATION , QUALITY , DOSAGE , IRRADIATION , SUSPENSION DEVICES , EXPOSURE(PHYSIOLOGY) , MICE , ANALOG SYSTEMS , LETHAL DOSAGE , EMULSIONS , FISSION NEUTRONS , GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM , SUBLETHAL DOSAGE , FISSION , KLEBSIELLA PNEUMONIAE , REPRINTS , RADIATION


Subject Categories : Radiobiology
      Pharmacology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE