Accession Number : ADA219783


Title :   Tunnel Design by Rock Mass Classifications


Descriptive Note : Technical rept.


Corporate Author : PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIV UNIVERSITY PARK DEPT OF MINERAL ENGINEERING


Personal Author(s) : Bieniawski, Z T


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a219783.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1990


Pagination or Media Count : 159


Abstract : This report discusses tunnel design procedures based on various rock mass classification systems. A comparison is made between the tunnel support design based on the classical Terzaghi rock load method and the support selection based on the RSR Concept, the Geomechanics Classification, and the Q- System. These classification systems are described and guidelines are given for step-by-step application of the three methods. Using an actual tunnel case history, an evaluation is made of the current design practice by comparing it with the design approaches involving the three rock mass classification systems. It is concluded that the current design practice may lead to overdesign of support, and recommendations are made for improved procedures that would ensure the construction of safe and more economical rock tunnels. Finally, a few areas are identified where more research would benefit the current tunnel design practice. This report was reprinted in FY 89 during which time a bibliography covering the appropriate literature through 1986 and a discussion of recent developments were added. (edc)


Descriptors :   *ROCK MECHANICS , *ENGINEERING GEOLOGY , *TUNNELS , CASE STUDIES , CONSTRUCTION , HISTORY , CLASSIFICATION , SUPPORTS , RIVERS , TUNNELING , SELECTION , ROCK , BIBLIOGRAPHIES , LITERATURE SURVEYS , MASS


Subject Categories : Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE