Accession Number : ADA217441
Title : Aquatic Plant Control Research Program. Allelopathic Aquatic Plants for Aquatic Plant Management: A Feasibility Study
Descriptive Note : Final rept.
Corporate Author : UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN MISSISSIPPI HATTIESBURG
Personal Author(s) : Elakovich, Stella D ; Wooten, Jean W
Report Date : Oct 1989
Pagination or Media Count : 40
Abstract : Use of allelopathic terrestrial plants has received attention in agriculture as a weed management strategy. Putnam (1983) achieved success with annual rotation of allelopathic crops or companion plantings of allelopathic and perennial crops. He was able to suppress up to 95% of several important weeds. Allelopathic aquatic plants may provide a management system for undesirable aquatic vegetation. Replacement of an undesirable species by a desirable one as a long-term, site-specific method of aquatic plant management was suggested over 30 years ago. This report presents results of a literature search and feasibility study of the use of allelopathic aquatic plants for aquatic plant management. To establish a list of potential allelopathic plants, 16 aquatic macrophytes native to the southeastern United States were subjected to two bioassays -- one involving lettuce seedlings and one involving the aquatic plant Lemna minor as the target species. The results suggest that Nymphaea odorata and Brasenia schreberi are both highly inhibitory and are therefore candidates for aquatic weed management. The results also indicate that the simple lettuce seedling assay may be a reasonable first 'easy' assay for determining the allelopathic potential of aquatic plants. Keywords: Aquatic weed control; Allelopathy; Aquatic macrophytes; Bioassay; Biocontrol; Growth inhibition.
Descriptors : *WEED CONTROL , *AQUATIC WEEDS , MANAGEMENT , LITERATURE SURVEYS , TARGETS , FEASIBILITY STUDIES , PLANT GROWTH , INHIBITION , ROTATION , AGRICULTURE , BIOASSAY , BIOLOGICAL PEST CONTROL , LETTUCE , UNITED STATES , STRATEGY
Subject Categories : Agronomy, Horticulture and Aquiculture
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE