Accession Number : ADA210899
Title : Ten-Year Profile of Infectious and Parasitic Disease Hospitalizations
Descriptive Note : Interim rept.
Corporate Author : NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA
Personal Author(s) : Palinkas, Lawrence A ; Pineda, Tony S ; Burr, Ralph G
Report Date : 09 Mar 1989
Pagination or Media Count : 52
Abstract : Infectious and parasitic diseases are responsible for a significant percentage of hospital admissions among Navy and Marine Corps personnel and pose a threat to military readiness in different operational environments. The object of this study was to develop a profile of infectious disease hospitalizations over a ten year period extending from 1975 through 1984 to identify trends in rates of specific diagnoses that would serve as a baseline for the projection of future hospital admissions for these conditions. The age-adjusted rate of total first hospital admissions for all infectious and parasitic diseases declined significantly from a high of 112.9 per 10,000 person years in 1977 to a low of 50.3 per 10,000 person years in 1982. Approximately 78 per cent of all first hospital admissions were accounted for by 10 specific diagnoses: viral hepatitis, other diseases due to viruses and chlamydiae, ill-defined intestinal infections, infectious mononucleosis, rubella, chickenpox, measles, intestinal infections due to other organisms, other venereal diseases, and streptococcal sore throat and scarlet fever. Changes in rates of hospitalization appear to be due to a number of factors, including improved medical care and prophylaxis, changes in treatment policy with a greater emphasis on outpatient care, changes in social and demographic characteristics of the Navy as a whole, and changes in ship deployment.
Descriptors : *NAVAL PERSONNEL , *INFECTIOUS DISEASES , *MARINE CORPS PERSONNEL , *HOSPITALIZATIONS , *PARASITIC DISEASES , MILITARY OPERATIONS , DEPLOYMENT , SHIPS , POLICIES , THREATS , COMBAT READINESS , OPERATIONAL READINESS , RATES , DISEASES , PROFILES , PATIENTS , MEDICAL SERVICES , HOSPITALS , VIRUS DISEASES , VIRUSES , INTESTINES , HEPATITIS , STREPTOCOCCUS , PREVENTIVE MEDICINE , VENEREAL DISEASES , THROAT , SCARLET FEVER , INFECTIOUS MONONUCLEOSIS , MEASLES VIRUSES , RUBELLA
Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
Military Forces and Organizations
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE