Accession Number : ADA204601


Title :   Space Propulsion Hazards Analysis Manual (SPHAM). Volume 2. Appendices


Descriptive Note : Final rept. Dec 83-Jun 86


Corporate Author : MARTIN MARIETTA ASTRONAUTICS GROUP DENVER CO


Personal Author(s) : Erdahl, David C ; Banning, Douglas W ; Simon, Elvis D


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a204601.pdf


Report Date : Oct 1988


Pagination or Media Count : 1200


Abstract : The Space Propulsion Hazards Analysis manual (SPHAM) is a compilation of methods and data directed at hazards analysis and safety for space propulsion and associated vehicles, but broadly applicable to other environments and systems. It includes methods for compiling imposed requirements and deriving design requirements. It includes methods for compiling imposed requirements and deriving design requirements. It describes in detail the steps to constructing accident scenarios for formal risk assessment. It discusses the approaches to developing probabilities for events in scenarios, and probabilities for scenarios. It illustrates data analysis from experience data for the purpose of probability modeling. The SPHAM provides methods for predicting blast, fragmentation, thermal, acoustic and toxicity post accident environments. The SPHAM describes in overview fashion a large number of qualitative and quantitative analytical methods available to perform hazards analysis complete with guidelines for application. Examples are FMEA, Fault-tree and Energy Analysis. It describes methods to organize analysis by type, phase, or subsystem. Examples are interface hazards analysis, preliminary hazards analysis, and ordnance hazards analysis. Qualitative and quantitative risk assessments are described. The appendices to SPHAM contain voluminous data on available references in the form of an annotated bibliography, summary of the hazardous nature of 27 commodities common to space propulsion, and system description for a variety of space launch vehicles, upper stage vehicles, and spacecraft.


Descriptors :   *SPACECRAFT , *HAZARDS , *SPACE FLIGHT , *ACCIDENTS , *SPACE PROPULSION , TEST AND EVALUATION , DATA PROCESSING , SCENARIOS , ENVIRONMENTS , RISK , MODELS , FRAGMENTATION , INTERFACES , TOXICITY , PROBABILITY , ENERGY , BIBLIOGRAPHIES , ORDNANCE , BLAST , LAUNCH VEHICLES


Subject Categories : Safety Engineering
      Astronautics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE