Accession Number : ADA201878
Title : The Midden Mound Project. Report of Investigations Number 6
Descriptive Note : Final rept.
Corporate Author : UNIVERSITY OF WEST FLORIDA PENSACOLA OFFICE OF CULTURAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Personal Author(s) : Bense, Judith A
Report Date : Jan 1987
Pagination or Media Count : 445
Abstract : This is the final report of a contract to investigate 11 sites in the River and Canal Sections of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway in northeast Mississippi. The focus of this project was to obtain an adequate sample of primarily Archaic Stage deposits from sites in the floodplain in the Upper Tombigbee Valley. Samples were also obtained from single component sites of the Middle Gulf Formational and Late Woodland Stages. The project included detailed chemical and mineralogical studies of site soils, geomorphology, botany and archaeomagnetics. Detailed archaeological modal analyses were performed on a sample of lithics and ceramics. Controlled replication and use-wear experiments of Archaic components (ca. 10,000-5,000 B.P.) had well-preserved features and middens and provide on the few large data bases for this time period in the Southeast. One factor in this preservation was documented by the soil studies which identified a strong mineral bonding between the organics and the annually deposited sand grains that excluded the sites from leaching and percolation forces. Keywords: Site excavations; Geoarchaeology; Paleoenviroments.
Descriptors : *GEOLOGY , *FLOOD PLAINS , SITES , CERAMIC MATERIALS , CHEMISTRY , DEPOSITS , SOILS , ORGANIC MATERIALS , BONDING , GEOMORPHOLOGY , ARCHEOLOGY , EXCAVATION , TOMBIGBEE RIVER , VALLEYS , LEACHING , MINERALS , WATERWAYS , CANALS , MINERALOGY , BOTANY , MISSISSIPPI , TENNESSEE RIVER , DATA BASES , GULFS
Subject Categories : Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE