Accession Number : ADA199488
Title : The Development of Performance-Based Auditory Aviation Classification Standards in the U.S. Navy,
Corporate Author : NAVAL AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LAB PENSACOLA FL
Personal Author(s) : Thomas, Gerald B. ; Williams, Carl E. ; Raney, Jill F.
Report Date : DEC 1987
Pagination or Media Count : 32
Abstract : A series of studies was undertaken to develop a performance-based test battery to ascertain the auditory fitness of naval aviators. On the basis of literature reviews, interviews with experienced pilots, and published job analyses, several auditory abilities were identified. These included perception of degraded speech, response time to auditory signals, auditory short-term memory, and auditory selective attention. Tests to measure these abilities were developed and evaluated in terms of sensitivity and test-retest reliability (Experiments I and II; total N = 105). Sensitivity was sufficient to readily discriminate between pilots of disparate age groups, and test-retest reliabilities ranged from .71 to .88 for individual test battery elements. Experiment III sought to increase the validity of the test battery by incorporating major elements into a tape-recorded flight scenario. Keywords: Hearing, Pilot standards, Naval aviation. (aw)
Descriptors : *MEMORY(PSYCHOLOGY) , *REACTION TIME , *ATTENTION , *AUDITORY PERCEPTION , SCENARIOS , NAVAL AVIATION , SKILLS , NAVAL PERSONNEL , PILOTS , AGING(PHYSIOLOGY) , SENSITIVITY , SHORT RANGE(TIME) , FLIGHT , STANDARDS , SPEECH , JOB ANALYSIS , HEARING , AUDITORY SIGNALS.
Subject Categories : PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT AND LABOR RELATIONS
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE