Accession Number : ADA196480


Title :   Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Approaches to the Treatment of Hypertension with Implications for the Clinical Nurse Specialist


Descriptive Note : Master's thesis


Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH


Personal Author(s) : Peters, Patricia A


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a196480.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1988


Pagination or Media Count : 83


Abstract : Hypertension is a ubiquitous and life-threatening disease. It is a major risk factor in the etiology of most cardiovascular diseases. A U.S. Health Survey report has concluded from screening data that 60,000,000 U.S. adults have hypertension. Traditionally, this disease has been treated pharmacologically. This approach has been found to be effective particularly in the treatment of moderate hypertension. Unfortunately, antihypertensive medications also cause many undesirable side effects, and their cost can be quite significant. Therefore, alternate methods of control have been proposed and research. These methods include relaxation, meditation and biofeedback. Many of these alternate methods, although behaviorally related, have physiologic rationable. In this paper an overview of the pharmacologic treatments and a more detailed description of the behavioral approaches will be presented. Also a critical review of the research findings pertaining to the behavioral methods of treatment will be included. Finally, a discussion of the implications for the Clinical Nurse Specialist dealing in this area will be presented.


Descriptors :   *HYPERTENSION , CLINICAL MEDICINE , COSTS , ETIOLOGY , THERAPY , BEHAVIOR , BIOFEEDBACK , HEALTH SURVEYS , ADULTS , NURSES , PHARMACOLOGY , CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES , RISK , SPECIALISTS


Subject Categories : Psychology
      Medicine and Medical Research
      Pharmacology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE