Accession Number : ADA195067
Title : Numerical Field Model Simulation of Full Scale Fire Tests in a Closed Spherical/Cylindrical Vessel.
Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,
Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
Personal Author(s) : Raycraft, Janet K
Report Date : Dec 1987
Pagination or Media Count : 241
Abstract : Most of the casualties incurred during a fire are due to the smoke generated. An understanding of the way smoke and fire spread during a fire would provide a valuable tool to save lives and minimize damage. The Naval Research Laboratory maintains a full scale test facility called Fire-1. The computer model developed in this thesis is based on the actual geometry of Fire-1 and uses field modeling. It is a three dimensional, finite difference model using primitive variables. The model includes local and global pressure corrections, surface radiation, turbulence, strong buoyancy, and conuugate boundary conditions. Given heat input data, the computer code produces pressure, temperature, density, and velocity fields. Experimental fire tests conducted in Fire-1 are used to validate the computer code. Reasonable agreement in the results has been found. Because of the model's ability to account for pressure, temperature and smoke buildup, its envisioned use is to predict fires aboard ships and submarines. Keywords: Theses; Enclosed fire; Field model; Fire simulation; Fire modeling; Numerical fire model.
Descriptors : *COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION , *SMOKE , *SUBMARINES , *SHIP FIRES , *FIRE SAFETY , BOUNDARIES , BUOYANCY , CASUALTIES , COMPUTER PROGRAMS , CORRECTIONS , EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN , FIRES , GLOBAL , HEAT , INPUT , MATHEMATICAL MODELS , MODELS , NUMERICAL ANALYSIS , PRESSURE , RADIATION , SIMULATION , SURFACES , TEST AND EVALUATION , TEST FACILITIES , TEST METHODS , THESES , TURBULENCE , VELOCITY , FINITE DIFFERENCE THEORY , GRAPHS
Subject Categories : Safety Engineering
Computer Programming and Software
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE