Accession Number : ADA189374


Title :   Water Quality Criteria for Colored Smokes: Solvent Yellow 33


Descriptive Note : Final rept.


Corporate Author : OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LAB TN HEALTH AND SAFETY RESEARCH DIV


Personal Author(s) : Davidson, Kowetha A ; Hovatter, Patricia S


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a189374.pdf


Report Date : Nov 1987


Pagination or Media Count : 111


Abstract : The available data on the environmental fate, aquatic toxicity, and mammalian toxicity of Solvent Yellow 33, a quinoline dye used in colored smoke grenades, were reviewed. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) guidelines were used in an attempt to generate water quality criteria for the protection of aquatic life and its uses and of human health. Colored smoke grenades are formulated and loaded at the Pine Bluff Arsenal, Arkansas. During typical production of pyrotechnic items, approximately 1 to 2 percent of the smoke formulation is released into the aquatic environment. The primary aquatic system receiving these discharges is the Arkansas River and associated drainages. Keywords: Aquatic toxicity; Colored smokes; Environmental effects; Environmental fate; Health effects; Mammalian toxicity; Solvent yellow 33; Water quality criteria.


Descriptors :   *SMOKE MUNITIONS , *ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT , *WATER QUALITY , *GRENADES , *YELLOW(COLOR) , *COLORED SMOKES , PRODUCTION , MAMMALS , HUMANS , WATER , HEALTH , TOXICITY , FORMULATIONS , PROTECTION , DYES , RIVERS , AQUATIC ORGANISMS , QUINOLINES , PYROTECHNICS , ARKANSAS


Subject Categories : Water Pollution and Control


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE