Accession Number : ADA178333


Title :   Biology, Management and Utilization of Common Reed Pharagnites australis.


Descriptive Note : Final technical rept.,


Corporate Author : VRIJE UNIV AMSTERDAM (NETHERLANDS) DEPT OF ECOLOGY AND ECOTOXICOLOGY


Personal Author(s) : Werff,Madelijn Van Der ; Simmers,John W ; Kay,Stratford H


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a178333.pdf


Report Date : Feb 1987


Pagination or Media Count : 111


Abstract : The common reed, Pharagmites australis (Cav.) Trin. is a helophytic grass having a world-wide distribution. It generally inhabits wetlands, where under the proper conditions it may flourish and become the dominant plant species. Its survival and reproduction strategies make it also one of the first invaders in newly reclaimed wetlands as dredged material disposal sites or new-born polders. Reeds dominate a wetland only after a disturbance such as drainage or pollution. The common reed is able to withstand extremes of environmental conditions, including the presence of toxic contaminants. Phragmites australis is the dominant plant species on most Corps of Engineers (CE) dredged material disposal sites, particularly on the wetland-creation and confined upland disposal sites containing contaminated dredged materials. The objectives of this report are to revise and evaluate the literature pertaining to Phragmites australis with respect to its potenial use in vegetating highly-contaminated dredged material and to provide CE Districts with guidelines forthe establishment, maintenance and management of P. australis on dredged material disposal sites. Besides general biology emphasis will be placed upon: Invasion into dredged material disposal sites; Contaminant uptake and translocation; Utilization; and Management and control.


Descriptors :   *PLANT GROWTH , *CONTAMINANTS , *ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT , *DREDGED MATERIALS , *GRASSES , GLOBAL , BIOLOGY , DISTRIBUTION , TOXICITY , SITES , SURVIVAL(GENERAL) , ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS , CONSERVATION , CONTAMINATION , DISPOSAL , WETLANDS , LAND USE , PLANTS(BOTANY) , RECLAMATION , TRANSLOCATION


Subject Categories : Anatomy and Physiology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE