Accession Number : ADA170953


Title :   Exploratory Study of the Potential Effects of Exposure to Sonic Boom on Human Health. Volume 2. Epidemiological Study.


Descriptive Note : Final rept. Nov 84-May 86,


Corporate Author : SYSTEMS RESEARCH LABS INC DAYTON OH


Personal Author(s) : Anton-Guirgis,H ; Culver,B D ; Wang,S ; Taylor,T H


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a170953.pdf


Report Date : Jun 1986


Pagination or Media Count : 174


Abstract : A study has been carried out to investigate possible human health effects caused by exposure of people to sonic boom. The subjects of the study were the residents of the State of Nevada. This state was selected for the study because supersonic military flight operations have been carried out in Nevada, primarily within the boundaries of the Tactical Fighter Weapons Center (TFWC) Range Complex near Las Vegas, longer than in any other area within the United States. This volume presents the results of an epidemiological study to search for any health effects. The health effects study was built entirely on a statewide epidemiologic evaluation of mortality for Nevada residents from 1968 to 1983, supplemented by hospital discharge morbidity data. The results of the statewide study revealed no convincing evidence to prove or disprove any relationship between exposure to sonic boom and adverse health phenomena. Statewide, age-adjusted mortality in Nevada is unremarkable compared to national figures. Crude death rates did vary directly with exposure to sonic booms but this relation disappeared when mortality was age-adjusted. Analyses of time trends and bivariate linear regressions failed to yield convincing associations between sonic boom exposure and age-adjusted mortality. Access to a population of weapons-range workers and to their health records, which was an additional key component of the research study, was not granted.


Descriptors :   *STRESS(PHYSIOLOGY) , *NOISE , *EPIDEMIOLOGY , *SONIC BOOM , COMMUNITIES , PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS , SUPERSONIC FLIGHT , PUBLIC HEALTH , MORTALITY RATE , RESIDENTIAL SECTION , MORBIDITY , BIOSTATISTICS


Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Stress Physiology
      Acoustics


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE