Accession Number : ADA170233


Title :   Mental Models for Mechanical Comprehension. A Review of Literature.


Descriptive Note : Final rept. FY 84-FY 85,


Corporate Author : NAVY PERSONNEL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER SAN DIEGO CA MANPOWER AND PERSONNEL LAB


Personal Author(s) : Mitchell,Steve R


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a170233.pdf


Report Date : Jun 1986


Pagination or Media Count : 44


Abstract : This literature review describes the recent research on mental models of mechanical comprehension. Three methodological approaches (constructionism, information-processing, and componential analysis) are discussed in terms of strengths and weaknesses. Variables shown to affect problem solving include pictorial representation, naive preconceptions about motion, the use of analogies, and the educational level of the problem solver. The theoretical concepts for describing the ability to solve problems include envisionment, assimilation-accommodation, and the space factor, 'S.' Further research possibilities are described. (Author)


Descriptors :   *MODELS , *COGNITION , *REASONING , *MAN MACHINE SYSTEMS , *MENTAL ABILITY , SKILLS , NAVAL PERSONNEL , MEMORY(PSYCHOLOGY) , MOTION , PROBLEM SOLVING , CONSTRUCTION , RECRUITS , INFORMATION PROCESSING , COMPREHENSION


Subject Categories : Psychology
      Human Factors Engineering & Man Machine System


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE