Accession Number : ADA165127
Title : Remedial Investigation of Contaminant Mobility at Naval Weapons Station, Concord, California.
Descriptive Note : Final rept.,
Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB
Personal Author(s) : Lee, Charles R ; O'Neil, L J ; Clairain, Ellis J ; Brandon, Dennis L ; Rhett, Richard G
Report Date : Jan 1986
Pagination or Media Count : 508
Abstract : A remedial investigation was conducted at Naval Weapons Station, Concord, California, to determine the nature and extent of of wetland and terrestrial environments. The evaluation considered major pathways of contaminant migration including soil, water, air and biota. Major testing was conducted on soil and the biological components of the pathways. Chemical analysis of soil samples indicated substantial elevation in arsenic, cadmium, lead, selenium, zinc and copper in certain contaminated areas. Field conducted clam bioassays showed a moderate potential for lead, cadmium and zinc to bioaccumulate in clams placed in surface waters of a limited number of sampling sites. Plant and earthworm bioassays indicated substantial movement of arsenic, cadmium, lead, selenium, zinc and copper into plants and soil-dwelling organisms in contaminated areas. A definite threat of these contaminants to impact wildlife, especially the endangered species that inhabit the contaminated sites, was strongly suggested by the toxicological effects of these metals on birds and mammals. A hydrological evaluation indicated substantial movement of hazardous substances into surface waters during storm events and high tides. A comprehensive evaluation of natural resources indicated that the wetland areas have moderate to high functional values for wildlife habitat, food chain support, flood storage, shoreline anchorage, sediment trapping, nutrient retention and passive recreation and heritage.
Descriptors : *CONTAMINANTS , *CONTAMINATION , TEST AND EVALUATION , METALS , MOBILITY , ENVIRONMENTS , IMPACT , BIOLOGY , MAMMALS , WATER , NATURAL RESOURCES , SITES , PASSIVE SYSTEMS , NUTRIENTS , HYDROLOGY , SOILS , COPPER , RETENTION(GENERAL) , SURFACE WATERS , SAMPLING , ZINC , CADMIUM , MIGRATION , PARTS , CALIFORNIA , FLOODS , STORAGE , ELEVATION , WETLANDS , HABITATS , ENDANGERED SPECIES , EARTH(PLANET) , NAVAL SHORE FACILITIES , BIRDS , ARSENIC , WILDLIFE , SEDIMENTS , CHEMICAL ANALYSIS , RECREATION , TOXICOLOGY , BIOASSAY , TIDES , SELENIUM , CLAMS , FOOD SERVICE , FOOD CHAINS
Subject Categories : Environmental Health and Safety
Military Forces and Organizations
Water Pollution and Control
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE