Accession Number : ADA158201


Title :   Zirconium as a Structural Material for Naval Systems


Descriptive Note : Technical review,


Corporate Author : NAVAL SURFACE WEAPONS CENTER SILVER SPRING MD


Personal Author(s) : Ferrando, W A


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a158201.pdf


Report Date : 29 Mar 1985


Pagination or Media Count : 52


Abstract : The important basic physical properties and steps in the manufacture of elemental zirconium and several of its important alloys are discussed. Once considered prohibitively expensive for structural uses, its current cost is becoming competitive with other special alloys for various industrial applications. Its actual life cycle cost in many cases has been considerably lower than that experienced with alternative materials. Some of the physical properties of zirconium which make it particularly attractive for naval use include: high strength (particularly when alloyed), outstanding resistance to all forms of corrosion in seawater (and most other) environments, superior fatigue resistance, and good metallurgical workability. Its oxide compound zirconia has recently become a base material for a new generation of tough ceramics of potential structural use. These ceramics are also candidates for fiber reinforcement. Several modern ceramic fabrication techniques are discussed. Although its moderately high density probably will preclude widespread aerospace usage, zirconium and zirconium-based materials could find extensive application in naval surface systems. Finally, there is a ready availability of the raw ore from friendly nations and a very abundant domestic supply, should other sources fail. This assurance certainly increases the attractiveness of these materials for future Navy needs.


Descriptors :   *ZIRCONIUM ALLOYS , *ZIRCONIUM , *CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS , *NAVAL ARCHITECTURE , RESISTANCE , STRUCTURES , FABRICATION , TOUGHNESS , CERAMIC MATERIALS , CORROSION RESISTANCE , HIGH STRENGTH , HIGH DENSITY , FATIGUE(MECHANICS) , ZIRCONIUM OXIDES , FIBER REINFORCEMENT , COMPOSITE MATERIALS , PHYSICAL PROPERTIES , INDUSTRIES , METHODOLOGY , MILITARY REQUIREMENTS


Subject Categories : Properties of Metals and Alloys
      Marine Engineering


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE