Accession Number : ADA136914
Title : Sun River (24CA74): A Stratified Pelican Lake and Oxbow Occupation Site near Great Falls, Montana.
Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jun 82-Aug 83,
Corporate Author : HISTORICAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATES MISSOULA MT
Personal Author(s) : Greiser,S T ; Greiser,T W ; Vetter,S M ; Stanfill,A L ; Ottersberg,R J
Report Date : 31 Aug 1983
Pagination or Media Count : 290
Abstract : The Sun River site (24CA74), a stratified occupation located just west of Great Falls, Montana, was excavated by Historical Research Associates in 1982 under contract with the Omaha District of the Corps of Engineers. Six occupation levels were defined, characterized by butchered faunal remains in association with lithic artifacts, fire-broken rocks, and various features. The upper levels (I-III) were occupied at various intervals between ca. 2800 to 3600 BP. The lower levels (IV-VI), each representing a single Oxbow component, dated between ca. 3600 and 5200 BP. Most of the prehistoric occupants focused on the exploitation of bison, although a variety of fauna are represented in each level and the earliest component is predominated by pronghorn, and the proportions of represented species changed through time. The site is especially significant because it is the first dated occurrence of Oxbow components in Montana. Furthermore, the occupations span the millenia of notable climatic change from late Altithermal to Medithermal conditions. Informative paleoenvironmental data enhance the archaeological results. Sun River provides an important key toward the understanding of prehistoric adaptations on the Northwestern Plains during a poorly understood period.
Descriptors : *ARCHEOLOGY , *SITE SELECTION , *EXCAVATION , ARTIFACTS , CULTURE , VILLAGES , TOOLS , SOILS , STRATIFICATION , BONES , POLLEN , RESEARCH MANAGEMENT , DATA ACQUISITION , TABLES(DATA) , HISTORY , NATURAL HISTORY , MONTANA
Subject Categories : Humanities and History
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE