Accession Number : ADA120768


Title :   Ab Initio Infrared and Raman Spectra.


Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,


Corporate Author : CALIFORNIA UNIV SAN DIEGO LA JOLLA DEPT OF PHYSICS


Personal Author(s) : Fredkin,Donald R ; Komornicki,Andrew ; White,Steven R ; Wilson,Kent R


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a120768.pdf


Report Date : Aug 1982


Pagination or Media Count : 41


Abstract : We discuss several ways in which molecular absorption and scattering spectra can be computed ab initio, from the fundamental constants of nature. These methods can be divided into two general categories. In the first, or sequential, type of approach, one first solves the electronic part of the Schroedinger equation in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, mapping out the potential energy, dipole moment vector (for infrared absorption) and polarizability tensor (for Raman scattering) as functions of nuclear coordinates. Having completed the electronic part of the calculation, one then solves the nuclear part of the problem either classically or quantum mechanically. As an example of the sequential ab initio approach, the infrared and Raman rotational and vibrational-rotational spectral band contours for the water molecule are computed in the simplest rigid rotor, normal mode approximation. Quantum techniques, are used to calculate the necessary potential energy, dipole moment, and polarizability information at the equilibrium geometry. A new quick, accurate, and easy to program classical technique involving no reference to Euler angles or special functions is developed to compute the infrared and Raman angles or special functions is developed to compute the infrared and Raman band contours for any rigid rotor, including asymmetric tops. A second, or simultaneous, type of ab initio approach is suggested for large systems, particularly those for which normal mode analysis is inappropriate, such as liquids, clusters, or floppy molecules.


Descriptors :   *INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY , *ABSORPTION SPECTRA , *MOLECULAR PROPERTIES , *RAMAN SPECTRA , LIGHT SCATTERING , POLARIZATION , DYNAMICS , QUANTUM THEORY , ELECTRONIC STATES , TENSORS , SCHRODINGER EQUATION , DIPOLE MOMENTS , EULER ANGLES


Subject Categories : Atomic and Molecular Physics and Spectroscopy


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE