Accession Number : ADA111477


Title :   Science, Technology, and the Modern Navy. Thirtieth Anniversary, 1946-1976


Corporate Author : OFFICE OF NAVAL RESEARCH ARLINGTON VA


Personal Author(s) : Salkovitz, Edward I


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a111477.pdf


Report Date : Jan 1976


Pagination or Media Count : 578


Abstract : When it was established in 1946, the Office of Naval Research was the main channel for Federal support of science in the United States. Since there are few fields of science or technology that cannot be related directly or indirectly to Navy requirements, the real choice becomes one of emphasizing areas of particular interest where anticipated results may have a direct bearing on future naval activities. Most research programs within ONR are organized along disciplinary lines, the main disciplines being the physical, mathematical, information, biological, medical, psychological, earth, material, and ocean sciences; but some programs center on such fields as aviation, vehicle, and sensor technologies. The Physical Science Program pursues research on radiation, lasers, acoustics, optics, electronics, superconductivity, magnetism, and surfaces. Research in the Mathematical Sciences Program covers the mathematical and computer sciences, the design of techniques for logistics and systems analysis, and the mechanics of fluids. The objectives of Biomedical research are to understand principles essential to maintaining the health and work capacity of personnel, to prevent disease, and to reduce stress factors such as pressure in diving. The Psychological Research Program seeks a better basis for understanding, improving, and predicting human performance in military environments. Thus, the reduction of manpower costs and the betterment of personnel effectiveness are anticipated benefits from investments in man-job and man-machine designs. The Earth Sciences Program has the objective of providing comprehensive knowledge of physical environments in which the Navy and Marine Corps must operate.


Descriptors :   *NAVAL RESEARCH , COASTAL REGIONS , DECISION MAKING , COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN , BIOCHEMISTRY , LINEAR PROGRAMMING , ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE , CONTROL THEORY , RESEARCH MANAGEMENT , HYDROMECHANICS , SURFACE ACOUSTIC WAVE DEVICES , OCEANOGRAPHY , TIME STANDARDS , ARCTIC REGIONS , RADIO TRANSMISSION , UNDERWATER ACOUSTICS , GEOPHYSICS , MAN MACHINE SYSTEMS , SURFACE CHEMISTRY , STATISTICS , CERAMIC MATERIALS , REMOTE DETECTORS , HISTORY , LOGISTICS


Subject Categories : Information Science


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE