Accession Number : ADA104881


Title :   A Search for New Fuel Components in Explosive Mixtures with Ammonium Nitrate


Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 May 80-30 Apr 81


Corporate Author : STATE UNIV OF NEW YORK COLL AT FREDONIA DEPT OF CHEMISTRY


Personal Author(s) : Neveu, Maurice C


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a104881.pdf


Report Date : 30 Apr 1981


Pagination or Media Count : 25


Abstract : A series of about 80 dye samples was tested by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) for eutectic formation with ammonium nitrate and release of energy. Thirteen of these showed these desired characteristics. These were in the class of oxazines and dioxazines with ionic groups; and of ionic and non- ionic aminoanthraquinones. A discussion is given about the possibility of the non-ionic aminoanthraquinones to form eutectic mixtures with ammonium nitrate. A synthesis of 2,2'4,4'6,6'-hexanitro-3,3'-biphenol was carried out and its thermal properties as well as those of its potassium and ammonium salts were determined by differential scanning calorimetry. The significance of the use of dyes as fuels in fuel/oxidizer explosive systems and of the Colour Index for the discovery of further intermolecularly reacting explosive systems is discussed. (Author)


Descriptors :   *SYNTHESIS(CHEMISTRY) , *EXPLOSIVES , *MIXTURES , *AMMONIUM NITRATE , SCANNING , THERMAL PROPERTIES , FUELS , COLORS , OXIDIZERS , INDEXES , DYES , POTASSIUM COMPOUNDS , CALORIMETRY , EUTECTICS


Subject Categories : Organic Chemistry
      Ammunition and Explosives


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE