Accession Number : ADA102588


Title :   Archaeological Data Recovery at the Mary Ann Cole Site


Descriptive Note : Final rept. Feb 1980-Jun 1981


Corporate Author : RESOURCE ANALYSTS INC BLOOMINGTON IN


Personal Author(s) : Meyers, Jeffrey A ; Dorwin, John T ; Barton, David F ; Bassett, John L ; Crouch, Kevin J ; Justice, Noel D ; Myers, Jeffery A


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a102588.pdf


Report Date : Jun 1981


Pagination or Media Count : 229


Abstract : Archaeological data recovery at site 12Crl in Crawford County, Indiana, consisted of excavations and a geologic survey of lithic resources in nearby uplands. Excavations examined deposits consisting primarily of lithic refuse reflecting the manufacture of a variety of chert objects relating to the Late Archaic/Early Woodland transitional and Middle Woodland Periods. Materials indicated a lithic manufacturing locus composed entirely of waste products and broken or aborted bifaces at various stages of incompleteness. Analysis characterized cultural behavior surrounding reduction strategies and reasons for unintentional artifact truncations. Focus was or raw material quality and technical application problems. In the absence of viable completed stone tools, analysis relied upon waste by-products to identify lithic technologies in the excavated deposits. A specialized manufacturing trajectory herein called 'the hinge flaking technique' was identified. Hinge flakes exhibiting essential characteristics are diagnostic of cache blade manufacture. Additionally, a survey identified five geologically distinct chert lithotypes in Harrison and Crawford counties. 'Harrison County Chert' has been formally renamed Wyandotte chert and a detailed study of quality selection factors of prehistoric usage of this material was conducted.


Descriptors :   *ARCHEOLOGY , AMERICAN INDIANS , ARTIFACTS , CULTURE , EXCAVATION , HISTORY , INDIANA , SEDIMENTARY ROCK , SITES , TOOLS


Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Civil Engineering


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE