Accession Number : ADA096679


Title :   Are Scientific Analogies Metaphors?


Descriptive Note : Semi-annual technical rept. no. 3, 8 Sep 79-30 Oct 80,


Corporate Author : BOLT BERANEK AND NEWMAN INC CAMBRIDGE MA


Personal Author(s) : Gentner,Dedre


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a096679.pdf


Report Date : Feb 1981


Pagination or Media Count : 64


Abstract : The goal of this paper is to provide a structural characterization of analogy in science, contrasting good science analogies with literary metaphors and with poorer examples of science analogies. The paper first presents a theoretical approach in which complex metaphors and analogies are treated as structure-mappings between domains. Within this framework, metaphor and analogy are contrasted with literal similarity. Then, a set of distinguishing structural characteristics is proposed and applied in a series of comparisons. To illustrate the points, analogies of historical importance are analyzed. (Author)


Descriptors :   *SEMANTICS , *PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY) , *ANALOGIES , MODELS , REASONING , THEORY , PROBLEM SOLVING , ASSOCIATIVE PROCESSING , WORDS(LANGUAGE) , MAPPING , HIERARCHIES , LOGIC , MATCHING , LEARNING , MENTAL ABILITY , COMPREHENSION , PHRASE STRUCTURE GRAMMARS


Subject Categories : Linguistics
      Psychology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE