Accession Number : ADA087625


Title :   The Structure of Analogical Models in Science.


Descriptive Note : Semiannual technical rept. 8 Sep 79-8 Mar 80,


Corporate Author : BOLT BERANEK AND NEWMAN INC CAMBRIDGE MA


Personal Author(s) : Gentner,Dedre


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a087625.pdf


Report Date : Jul 1980


Pagination or Media Count : 95


Abstract : Analogical models can be powerful aids to reasoning, as when light is explained in terms of water waves; or they can be misleading, as when chemical processes are thought of in terms of life processes such as putrefaction. This paper proposes a structural characterization of good science analogy using a theoretical approach in which complex metaphors and analogies are treated as structure-mappings between domains. To delineate good from poor science analogy, a series of comparisons is made. First, metaphor and analogy are contrasted with literal similarity; then, explanatory-predictive analogy is contrasted with expressive metaphor; finally, within science, good explanatory analogy is contrasted with poor explanatory analogy. Analogies of historical importance are analyzed and empirical findings are discussed. (Author)


Descriptors :   *REASONING , *ANALOGIES , PREDICTIONS , MODELS , THEORY , ACCURACY , MAPPING , LOGIC , PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY) , SCIENTISTS


Subject Categories : Psychology


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE