Accession Number : ADA076025


Title :   Land Based Environmental Monitoring at Johnston Island - Disposal of Herbicide Orange


Descriptive Note : Final rept. May 1977-Sep 1978


Corporate Author : BATTELLE COLUMBUS DIV OH


Personal Author(s) : Thomas, T J ; Brown, D P ; Harrington, J ; Stanford, T ; Taft, L


Full Text : https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a076025.pdf


Report Date : Sep 1978


Pagination or Media Count : 343


Abstract : As a part of the U.S. Air Force final Environmental Impact Statement of incineration of Herbicide Orange from Johnston Island, the Air Force stated that a monitoring program would be conducted to demonstrate that the landbased transfer operations were carried out in an environmentally safe manner. Battelle, Columbus Laboratories conducted these monitoring programs on Johnston Island. The monitoring of at-sea incineration operations were conducted by TRW and have been reported elsewhere. Concentrations of 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T found in the ambient air and water samples were minimal. No TCDD was detected in any air or water samples. No changes that could be attributed to the operations were noted in indigenous plant or bird populations. Results of quality control sampling revealed that the required level of drum cleaning was achieved. Industrial Hygiene evaluations of the land-based operations revealed that only minor accidents or injuries occurred and exposure of workers to airborne 2,4,-D and 2,4,5-T were well below permissable levels. No adverse consequences of the minimal release of Herbicide Orange into the Johnston Atoll environment were observed. (Author)


Descriptors :   *HERBICIDES , MONITORING , TOXICITY , SAMPLING , AIR QUALITY , ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS , DISPOSAL , VEGETATION , WATER QUALITY , BIRDS , AIR FORCE , STORAGE


Subject Categories : Toxicology
      Pesticides Pollution and Control


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE